Stoicism works well an exceptionalist discourse (Zambrano, Pensamiento y poesía en la vida española). Rhetorically, it takes for granted a negative element (suffering) and then prescribes an attitude toward it. Hence a synthesis of contraries. Think of how Kenneth Burke would have analyzed it.
"Quixotism" is another one. It attempts to reconcile opposing tendencies: a delusional view of reality, and an admirable idealism.
The rhetorical structure of Christianity also involves a kind of reversal of perspectives. A triumph through victimhood and sacrifice.